safe. 253 Similarly, the Catholic Church opposes in vitro fertilisation (IVF saying that the artificial process replaces the love between a husband and wife. 171 The Eucharistic celebration, also called the Mass or Divine liturgy, includes prayers and scriptural readings, as well as an offering of bread and wine, which are brought to the altar and consecrated by the priest to become. 335 In the 18th century, writers such as Voltaire and the Encyclopédistes wrote biting critiques of both religion and the Catholic Church. Note 10 In the Archdiocese of Milan, with around five million Catholics the largest in Europe, 211 Mass is celebrated according to the Ambrosian Rite. 30 Marthaler, preface John Paul II, Pope (1997). 195 note 9 The church recognises certain conditions, such as freedom of consent, as required for any marriage to be valid; In addition, the church sets specific rules and norms, known as canonical form, that Catholics must follow. 101 According to the Catechism, the Catholic Church is further described in the Nicene Creed as the "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church". (The Philippines does, however, allow divorce for Muslims.) Contraception Main article: Christian views on contraception Catholic Church See also: Catholic Church and HIV/aids and Religious response to assisted reproductive technology Catholicism The church teaches that sexual intercourse should. London: Levey, Rossen and Franklin. Catechism of the Catholic Church. 'universal was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century. 238 Pope Francis said in 2015 that he is worried that the church has grown "obsessed" with issues such as abortion, same- sex marriage and contraception and has criticised the Catholic Church for placing dogma before love, and for prioritising.